New Materials Design
In chemistry and material science, it is important to understand what molecules have access to particular sites in chemical systems. For example, a substrate has to have access to an active site of an enzyme (catalyst) before the enzymatic (catalytic) reaction can take place. The “accessible volume” which is available to a penetrating molecule is useful in discussing physical properties such as diffusion, viscosity, and electrical conductivity in glasses, polymers, and porous materials. Predicting if a molecule can traverse chemical labyrinths of channels usually requires performing computationally intensive molecular dynamics simulations.
Since it is impractical to test each molecule/labyrinth pair using computationally expensive methods, we have built sophisticated algorithms to explore geometric configurations and prune possibilities, using a moving “molecular worm” assembled from solid blocks connected by flexible structures, and which can then compute accessible regions using a variant of Fast Marching Methods. Jointly with the Berkeley Lab EFRC (Energy Frontier Research Center), we are using these techniques to prune detailed zeolite databases for potential materials for carbon sequestration.