IDAES Process Systems Engineering Software Now Open Source
Multi-Scale Modeling & Optimization Framework Provides Support for U.S. Power Industry and Beyond
March 22, 2019
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The Institute for the Design of Advanced Energy Systems (IDAES) has released the first open-source version of its next-generation computational framework and model library, created to optimize the design of process systems engineering solutions used to model advanced energy systems.
The new framework can be accessed on the IDAES website.
Led by the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL), IDAES was formed in 2016 to improve the efficiency and reliability of coal-fired power plants and to accelerate the development of advanced fossil energy systems. It builds on the research and partnerships formed during the Carbon Capture Simulation Initiative (also funded by DOE through the Department’s Office of Fossil Energy), to create an open-source, non-commercial framework specifically for process systems engineering.
To achieve this goal, researchers from DOE’s Lawrence Berkeley and Sandia National Laboratories, Carnegie Mellon University, and West Virginia University have been working with their counterparts at NETL to create a multi-scale modeling and optimization framework for chemical engineers working in the power industry. To accelerate adoption by the energy systems operators, there is a strong industry component via membership on the Stakeholder Advisory Board (SAB). The SAB also includes representatives from other academic and research institutions.
Berkeley Lab’s contributions to IDAES primarily involve managing, navigating, and guiding the development of the data management framework, solvers, and user interface. The Berkeley Lab team is also managing the software engineering challenges of integrating the contributions of over 20 active developers across five institutions into a production-ready codebase. This team is led by Principal Investigator Deb Agarwal, who heads the Computational Research Division’s (CRD) Data Science and Technology (DST) Department; Dan Gunter, who leads CRD’s Integrated Data Frameworks group; Keith Beattie, a Computer Systems Engineer in CRD; and John Shinn, an Affiliate Senior Scientist. Other members of DST contributing to IDAES include Oluwamayowa Amusat, Josh Boverhof, Hamdy Elgammal, Makayla Shepherd, and Perren Yang.
“The goal has been to develop a framework within which process systems engineering solutions will be modeled,” Beattie said. “Berkeley Lab is bringing the software development and software engineering perspective to IDAES that other scientists in their specific disciplines do not always have. We have a lot of users with a chemical engineering background, which is essential, but they may not have the experience or expertise to turn the models they are writing into a software package that could be used easily by other chemical engineers.”
Leveraging the Pyomo Algebraic Modeling Language
The IDAES framework translates process engineering components in, for example, a power plant model into a mathematical model run in Pyomo, an open-source algebraic modeling language written in Python that supports a diverse set of optimization capabilities for formulating, solving, and analyzing optimization models, Gunter explained. The IDAES framework integrates the Pyomo modeling language with an extensible, equation-oriented process model library to help engineers solve large systems of modeling equations. The Pyomo algebraic modeling language in turn invokes advanced linear and non-linear solvers to perform the optimization. The data management components being developed at Berkeley Lab provide provenance (inputs, outputs, and intermediate results) for framework executions as well as a way to track and index the physical and kinetic property packages.
Together these components offer a powerful set of computational resources for process systems engineers and students, including conceptual design, steady-state and dynamic optimization, multiscale modeling, uncertainty quantification, and automated development of thermodynamic, physical property, and kinetic submodels from experimental data.
“The framework is a way to get from reality to the point where users can mathematically solve for solutions that minimize the constraints that are given,” Gunter said. “It is meant to be a next-generation framework that can do things current tools can’t do very easily. And it strives to be open source because it is important to allow visibility into the cutting-edge research being done in universities and national labs while accepting contributions to this framework from industry and other members of the community.”
Looking ahead, the IDAES project is working to further enhance the usability of the framework by making it scalable to high-performance computing systems and integrating it with Jupyter notebooks for even smoother accessibility. They also see potential applications outside of the power plant industry and even process engineering.
“The framework is being structured in such a way that it could be extended beyond process engineering, which is a very wide field that could include any kind of process you are trying to model,” Beattie said. “We are building on top of the existing Pyomo model, with chemical engineering and process engineering components targeted at power plant modeling, but that’s not the end of the possible extensions that could exist.”
About Berkeley Lab
Founded in 1931 on the belief that the biggest scientific challenges are best addressed by teams, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and its scientists have been recognized with 16 Nobel Prizes. Today, Berkeley Lab researchers develop sustainable energy and environmental solutions, create useful new materials, advance the frontiers of computing, and probe the mysteries of life, matter, and the universe. Scientists from around the world rely on the Lab’s facilities for their own discovery science. Berkeley Lab is a multiprogram national laboratory, managed by the University of California for the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Science.
DOE’s Office of Science is the single largest supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States, and is working to address some of the most pressing challenges of our time. For more information, please visit energy.gov/science.